Microsurgery is a surgical procedure performed using operating room microscope and specially designed instruments. Microsurgery is performed through tiny incisions even smaller than those performed in minimally invasive surgery. Microsurgery is recommended in conditions of minute structures of the body and is commonly employed in surgeries of blood vessels and nerve fibers. Microsurgery is considered safe, economical and considerably successful. Microsurgery is often not recommended in all conditions and is considered only in complex surgeries or if other types of surgeries are not appropriate.
Some of the spinal conditions treated by microsurgical approach include
Herniated disc: Herniated disc is a condition of severe back pain and leg pain caused by a pinched nerve. It may also cause numbness, weakness, or partial paralysis. Patients will be considered as a candidate for surgery if the pain remains uncontrolled even after 6 weeks of non-surgical treatments. Nerves may be pinched because of ruptured discs and the surgery is aimed at removing the ruptured disc by microscopic method.
Spinal stenosis: Spinal stenosis is a condition of narrowing of spinal canal causing increased pressure on the spinal canal where the nerves leave the spinal canal. It occurs as a result of degeneration and arthritis of the spinal canal. Through microsurgery your surgeon removes the damaged bone or tissue thereby relieving the pressure on spinal nerves.
Other spinal conditions treated with microsurgeries include spinal fusions and spinal deformities.