Spine injection is a nonsurgical treatment modality recommended for treatment of chronic back pain. Injection of certain medicinal agents relieves the pain by blocking the nerve signals between specific areas of the body and the brain. The treatment approach involves injections of local anaesthetics, steroids, or narcotics into the affected soft tissues, joints, or nerve roots. It may also involve complex nerve blocks and spinal cord stimulation.
- Proliferation Injection: Proliferation injection is also known as sclerotherapy and is a non-surgical treatment for musculoskeletal injuries. It involves injecting the dextrose solution (irritant) into the damaged or injured ligaments and tendons. Macrophages, the defence cells of the body, reach the site of injection to attack the irritant. Meanwhile the body brings in fibroblasts which heal the damaged ligaments and produce connective tissue. This injection helps in the proliferation of new cells and helps in the repair of connective tissue.
- Neural Prolotherapy: In neural prolotherapy an irritant solution is injected into the painful areas where the ligaments and tendons are injured. The irritant solution irritates the local area causing inflammation. The macrophages arrive at this site to dispose the irritant solution. This encourages the repair process where the fibroblasts, the connective tissue builder cells, stimulate the production of connective tissue. Release of growth factors at the site of injury may help in strengthening, reducing the pain, inflammation, and weakness.